1. God the Father sent the Son to the earth to be the “pioneer” of salvation. The term “pioneer” is explained by Julius Scott:
Given its full range of meaning, the word designates an individual who opened the way into a new area for others to follow, founded the city in which they dwelt, gave his name to the community, fought its battles and secured the victory, and then remained as the leader-ruler-hero of his people.
“In bringing many sons and daughters to glory” might well refer to salvation as the solution to man’s dilemma of lost authority and glory, as a result of the fall. The incarnation and our Lord’s sufferings were a fitting thing for the Father to purpose for the Son because we gain a family. In verse 11 the text literally reads “all are of one.” and translated “family”:
But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For he himself is our peace, who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, by setting aside in his flesh the law with its commands and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new humanity out of the two, thus making peace, and in one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by which he put to death their hostility (Ephesians 2:13-16).
Hebrews is simply this: All who believe in Jesus Christ for salvation have been united with Christ, and we have also become one with all other believers. We are all “of one” and thus we are one family. Christ is “the Son,” a unique identity and role, while we who believe in Him are all “sons of God.”
2. The incarnation also made it possible for the Son of God to defeat Satan and thus to remove the “fear of death,” with which Satan dominates men. After the fall of man in the Garden of Eden, we read these words:
So the LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this,
"Cursed are you above all livestock
and all wild animals!
You will crawl on your belly
and you will eat dust
all the days of your life.
And I will put enmity
between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and hers;
he will crush your head,
and you will strike his heel." (Genesis 3:14-15).
The One who will destroy Satan is from the “seed of the woman.” There, the Son had to take on humanity before He could defeat the devil. In order to save mankind (who are “flesh and blood”), the Son had to take on “flesh and blood.” As Jesus said,
“Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be driven out” (John 12:31).
The death of our Lord was the “death of death” for all who trust in him, and released us from “fear of death” is Satan’s stronghold over us. Unbelievers should dread death, for judgment will follow. But those who have trusted in the Lord Jesus death becomes simply the doorway to heaven:
For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
The fear of death can be understood in two different ways:
“the fear of death” = our fear of dying/death or
“the fear of death” = our fear which death produces.
It is true that there is in man a fear of death, a fear of dying and what lies thereafter. But Satan has done an excellent job of blinding the eyes of men, so that many think that death is just the end of it all, with no heaven or hell to follow.
But in addition, the “fear of death” is fear caused by our “separation from God.” After Adam and Eve sinned, they hid themselves from God. Why? Adam tells us:
Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God moving about in the orchard at the breezy time of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the orchard. But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” The man replied, “I heard you moving about in the orchard, and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid” (Genesis 3:8-10).
Now, rather than wanting to enjoy fellowship with God, they feared him and hid from him. This is the fear that keeps men from seeking God. If it was not for a God who seeks out sinners, we would never come to faith. The death of Jesus removes this fear, freeing us to fellowship with God.